• Gyeongbokgung Palace (경복궁)

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    Gyeongbokgung Palace was built as the official palace of the Joseon dynasty by Yi Seong-gye, who becomes King Taejo and the founder of the new regime. Gyeongbokgung Palace is commonly referred to as the Northern Palace because its location in the north of Changdeokgung Palace in the east and Gyeonghuigung Palace in the west. Gyeongbokgung Palace is arguably the most beautiful and is the largest of all five palaces. Many Joseon kings were crowned here, including the 2nd King Jeongjong, 4th King Sejong, 6th King Danjong, 7th King Sejo, 9th King Seongjong, 11th King Jungjong, and the 13th King Myeongjong. The premises were once destroyed by fire during the Imjin War (1592-1598). However, all of the palace buildings were later restored under the leadership of Heungseondaewongun during the reign of King Gojong. The assassination of Empress Myeongseong, however, resulted in Gyeongbokgung Palace losing its function as a royal palace, eventually witnessing the downfall of the Joseon dynasty. Gyeongbokgung Palace retains the original Gyeonghoeru Pavilion, a prime example of Joseon architecture, and the Hyangwonjeong Pavilion and pond. The sculptures in the Geunjeongjeon Hall exemplify Joseon-era sculpture techniques. The west side of the area outside Heungnyemun Gate is occupied by the National Palace Museum of Korea, while the eastern side of Hyangwonjeong Pavilion within the Gyeongbokgung Palace is occupied by the National Folk Museum of Korea.

    * Major cultural heritages

    1) [Historic Site] Gyeongbokgung Palace

    2) [National Treasure] Geunjeongjeon Hall of Gyeongbokgung Palace

    3) [National Treasure] Gyeonghoeru Pavilion of Gyeongbokgung Palace

    4) [Treasure] Jagyeongjeon Hall of Gyeongbokgung Palace

    5) [Treasure] Chimney with Ten Symbols of Longevity in Relief at Jagyeongjeon Hall of Gyeongbokgung Palace

    6) [Treasure] Chimneys in Amisan Garden of Gyeongbokgung Palace

    7) [Treasure] Geunjeongmun Gate and Corridor of Gyeongbokgung Palace

    8) [Treasure] Wind Streamer Pedestal of Gyeongbokgung Palace

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