Korea is geographically situated in a temperate climate zone at medium latitude. As a result, it has four distinct seasons. In general, spring is from March to May, summer from June to August, autumn from September to November, and winter from December to February. The weather in spring and autumn is clear and dry due to the influence of anticyclones, the location of Korea on the North Pacific Edge makes summer hot and humid, and in winter, continental high pressure brings cold and dry weather.
Winter in Korea is usually between December and February, with the average temperature in January, the coldest month, ranging between minus six degrees and three degrees Celsius. The days with the lowest temperatures in the winter are usually between the middle and end of January. In winter, the days are shorter with the sunrise occurring later and the sunset occurring earlier. Usually, a cycle of three days of cold weather followed by four days of warmer days (samhansaon*) is repeated. The mountainous regions in Gangwon-do Province receive snowfall starting in early winter, with the weather being very cold and dry due to the wind blowing in from Siberia. Major holidays between the months of December and February are Christmas, New Year, and Lunar New Year, and the months of February and early March are the time for graduation ceremonies and the start of school. In rural areas, arable land is left to rest until farming resumes in the spring and some vegetables are grown in vinyl greenhouses. A unique practice in the winter between November and December is gimjang*, which is the preparation of large quantities of kimchi to eat throughout winter.