Korea is geographically situated in a temperate climate zone at medium latitude. As a result, it has four distinct seasons. In general, spring is from March to May, summer from June to August, autumn from September to November, and winter from December to February. The weather in spring and autumn is clear and dry due to the influence of anticyclones; summer is hot and humid due to Korea's location on the North Pacific Edge; and in winter, continental high pressure brings cold and dry weather.
Summer is usually between June and August, with the hottest month being August when the mean temperature is between 23 and 26 degrees Celsius. The dryness characterizing winter and spring disappears in summer, replaced by high temperatures and humid air. Since the stuffy atmosphere tends to cause a high discomfort index, the use of air conditioners and electric fans shoots up during this time of the year. The weather is particularly hot between the end of July and end of August. Due to the high humidity, people feel that it is hotter than it actually is. Generally, the period between the end of June and mid July is the rainy season in Korea. During this time there is no scorching heat. However, there can be clouds and frequent rainfalls for as short as a week to as long as three weeks. The frequency of rainy spells called jangma* and typhoons might also have a negative effect as they can directly cause damage to crops.
In the summer, there are lots of fruits like watermelons, melons, and peaches, as well as vegetables, and the fields and mountains are covered with greens. To escape the scorching heat, people go to the mountains, sea, or valleys to spend their summer holidays.