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Gyeongsangbuk-do » Gyeongju-si » Cheomseongdae Observatory (경주 첨성대)

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Cheomseongdae Observatory (경주 첨성대)   
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  • Cheomseongdae Observatory (경주 첨성대)
  • Cheomseongdae Observatory (경주 첨성대)
  • Cheomseongdae Observatory (경주 첨성대)
  • Cheomseongdae Observatory (경주 첨성대)
  • Cheomseongdae Observatory (경주 첨성대)
  • Cheomseongdae Observatory (경주 첨성대)
  • Cheomseongdae Observatory (경주 첨성대)
  • Cheomseongdae Observatory (경주 첨성대)
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Address
839-1, Inwang-dong, Gyeongju-si, Gyeonsangbuk-do
경상북도 경주시 첨성로 169-5 (인왕동)
Type
Monuments
Inquiries
• 1330 Travel Hotline: +82-2-1330
(Korean, English, Japanese, Chinese)
•For more info: Admin Office
+82-54-779-8744,
Tourism Information Center
(Gyeongju Station) +82-54-772-3843
Homepage
www.eguide.gj.go.kr
(English, Korean, Japanese, Chinese)
VisitKorea does not guarantee the quality of products or services introduced on its site and is not responsible for any direct or indirect losses resulting from use of said products or services.
Introduction
Cheomseongdae is the oldest existing astronomical observatory in Asia.
Constructed during the reign of Queen Seon-deok (632-647), it was used for observing the stars in order to forecast the weather. This stone structure is a beautiful combination of straight lines and curves, and was designated as National Treasure No.31 on December 20th, 1962.

Cheomseongdae was built in a cylinder shape with stones 30cm in diameter. 362 stones were piled up to make 27 levels. Roughly 4.16m up from the bottom there is a 1㎡ square entrance and a space to hang a ladder under it.
The inside is filled with soil up to the 12th level, and the 19th, 20th, 25th, and 26th levels all have long rocks hanging on two areas, shaped as the Chinese letter '井' (jeong).

It stands 9.17m high and the base stone on each side measures 5.35m.
The Vernal Equinox, Autumnal Equinox, Winter Solstice, Summer Solstice and the 24 solar terms (also known as the astronomical solar year) were determined by the observation of stars. The pavilion stone is believed to have been used as a standard of deciding directions, north, south, east and west. The 362 stones used to build Cheomseongdae represented the 362 days in a lunar year.
Telephone
Admin Office +82-54-779-8744, Tourism Information Center (Gyeongju Station) +82-54-772-3843
Fax
+82-54-779-6781
E-Mail
leejy7133@hanmail.net
Current Status
National Treasure No.31 (Designated on December 20, 1962)
Operating Hours
Summer 09:00~22:00 / Winter 09:00~21:00
Parking Facilities
Available for Daereungwon parking lot
* Parking Fees - (S) 2,000 won / (L) 4,000 won
Admission Fees
Free
Facilities for the Handicapped
Reserved parking spaces
Directions
Seoul to Gyeongju

[Bus]
From Dong Seoul Bus Terminal (Gangbyeon Station (Seoul Subway Line 2, Exit 4))
-Take a bus to Gyeongju (Travel Times: 4hrs. / First bus at 07:00, last bus at 24:00)

[Train]
From Seoul Station, take train to Singyeongju station.
(Express KTX Line; operates 20 times a day / Travel Times: 2 hours)
* Operating hours changes on week and weekend.

Or

From Seoul Station, take train to Gyeongju.
(KTX - Mugunghwa Line; operates 18 times a day, stop at  Dongdaegu station / Travel Times: 3 hours)


Dong Seoul Bus Terminal: +82-1688-5979
Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal Service Center +82-1666-5599
Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal +82-54-772-2377
Gyeongju Express Bus Terminal +82-54-741-4000


Gyeongju to Cheomseongdae Observatory


From Singyeongju Express Bus Terminal bus stop, take bus 60 or 700. (Travel Times: 45 mins)
-Get off at Wolseong-dong office (Daereung-won Tumuli Park).
-The observatory is 5 minutes away on foot.
Tourist Sites
Gyeongju Royal Tomb of King Naemul (경주 내물왕릉)
Gyeongju Royal Tomb of King Naemul (경주 내물왕릉)
  • Region : Gyeongju-si Gyeongsangbuk-do
  • Theme : Monuments/ Historical Sites
  • King Naemul was the 17th monarch of the Silla Kingdom (in power from 356 to 402) and became the seco...
Gyeongju Gyerim Forest (경주 계림)
Gyeongju Gyerim Forest (경주 계림)
  • Region : Gyeongju-si Gyeongsangbuk-do
  • Theme : Monuments/ Historical Sites
  • Gyerim Forest is located between the Cheomseongdae Observatory and Wolseong Fortress. The forest is ...
Gyeongju Gyochon Traditional Village (경주 교촌마을)
Gyeongju Gyochon Traditional Village (경주 교촌마을)
  • Region : Gyeongju-si Gyeongsangbuk-do
  • Theme : Old Houses/ Birth houses/Folk Villages
  • Located in Gyeongju-si, Gyeongju Gyochon Village is a hanok village that allows visitors a look insi...
Seokbinggo (Stone Ice Storage) (경주 석빙고)
Seokbinggo (Stone Ice Storage) (경주 석빙고)
  • Region : Gyeongju-si Gyeongsangbuk-do
  • Theme : Monuments/ Historical Sites
  • Seokbinggo means a freezer made of rocks. It is an ancient refrigerator only in Korea. It is located...
Gyeongju Donggung Palace and Wolji Pond (경주 동궁과 월지, 안압지)
Gyeongju Donggung Palace and Wolji Pond (경주 동궁과 월지, 안압지)
  • Region : Gyeongju-si Gyeongsangbuk-do
  • Theme : Monuments/ Historical Sites
  • According to the historical records of ‘Samguk-sagi,’ Anapji Pond was built during the 14th year of ...



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