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Gyeongsangbuk-do » Gyeongju-si » Maaeyeoraejwasang (경주 골굴암 마애여래좌상)

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Maaeyeoraejwasang (경주 골굴암 마애여래좌상)   
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Address
101-5, Girim-ro, Yangbuk-myeon, Gyeongju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do
경북 경주시 양북면 기림로 101-5
Type
Monuments
Inquiries
• 1330 Travel Hotline: +82-2-1330
(Korean, English, Japanese, Chinese)
• For more info: +82-54-745-0246,
Gyeongju-si Office: +82-54-779-6109
Tourism Information Center: +82-54-772-3843
Homepage
http://guide.gyeongju.go.kr
(Korean, English, Japanese, Chinese)
http://www.cha.go.kr
(Korean, English, Japanese, Chinese)
Introduction

Maaeyeoraejwasang consists of a Maebul (a Buddha carved in a cliff) at the very top of 12 Buddha images carved in natural rock caves located in a steep cliff of Golgulam Rock of Girimsa Valley. A painting of the Maaeyeoraejwasang titled "Golgulseokgul" by Gyeomjae Jeongseon, a famous painter of the era, revealed that there was once a wooden room located in front of the Maebul, but today only a hint of the room remains on the rock. The head of the Buddha (Yukgye) is perched solid and high on the body with a clear profile of the face – sharp eyes, small lips and a long and narrow nose. In contrast to the three-dimensional face, the body is broader and flatter. The neck and upper chest sections have eroded over time. The folds in the clothing are nearly parallel, and the arm area has a v-pattern wrinkle, giving it a more realistic and three-dimensional quality. Around the head of the Buddha is a lotus-shaped halo, while the body is surrounded by a rhythmic flame-like halo. The Maebul is believed to have been created during the late Unified Silla Kingdom, as it shows similar craftsmanship to Birojanabuljwasang (National Treasure No. 995), which was created in the year 876 and is located in Chukseosa Temple.

Current Status
Treasure No. 581 (Designated on December 30, 1974)
Directions
From Seoul Express Bus Terminal, take an express bus bound for Gyeongju Express Bus Terminal.
(First bus 6:10, last bus 23: 55 / travel time: 4 hr)
Cross the road and take Bus 100 or 150 at Gyeongju Express Bus Terminal Bus Stop and get off at Andong Kirimsa Temple, Golgulsa Temple Bus Stop.
Take a left at Andong Samgeori (three-way intersection) and go straight to the site.
It takes about 6 minutes on foot to the site (375m) from the bus stop.

Or, from Gyeongju Station or Gyeongju Bus Terminal, it takes about 50 minutes by taxi.
(Around 27 km away / The taxi fare will cost about 23,000 won)

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