Here are the 14 consonants of Korean. These consonants are later coupled with a vowel to make a block shaped syllable.
Before we get started, I'd like to tell you a little secret: Each consonant above contains a hint about how to pronounce it! When designing Hangeul, King Sejong took into consideration the shape of the mouth when making each sound. Below is an explanation of this system, as well as information on how to write each letter. It is much easier to memorize Hangeul if you practice writing the letters out for yourself. Please make note that the stroke order is quite vital to ensuring legibility, so it is recommended that you learn the proper stroke order right from the beginning to foster good habits. Luckily for us, we can make all 14 consonants by simply adding strokes to 5 consonants in pink. So let's start with those.
We have just reviewed the five main consonants. What about the remaining nine? Amazingly, the rest of the consonants are all derived from the ones we've just covered.
||Sound (Approx. to English)
||Between R and L. Pretend you are making an R sound and then push the tip of your tongue
forward a tad.
||B (like English B, but without voicing the sound)
||silent at beginning of syllable, NG (sing) if at ending.
||Similar to J with tongue pressed up behind the teeth
*Please note: These are the official names of the letter, given for your reference (Like the letter "G" is called "gee") These are not very important when beginning, you can learn them slowly over time. Instead focus on what sound each letter produces.
You might notice some words have the same consonant stuck together two times. The sound is very similar to original pronunciation, but it is simply tensed, pronounced more strongly. These sounds also require some listening practice in order to recognize the difference.