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Cultural Heritage Sites print


Jeongnimsaji (Jeongnimsa Temple Site) • Five-story Stone Pagoda at Jeongnimsa Temple Site, Buyeo Photo: Jeongnimsaji (Jeongnimsa Temple Site) • Five-story Stone Pagoda at Jeongnimsa Temple Site, Buyeo

Baekje Historic Areas (Designated 2015)

  • Location: Iksansi Buyeogun in Jeollabukdo, Gongju-si in Chungcheongnam-do
  • Description:
    Tracing the relics of Baekje from Iksansi Buyeogun in Jeollabukdo, Gongju-si in Chungcheongnam-do, one can catch a glimpse of the ancient treasures of the Baekje history, one of Korea’s ancient districts. The glamorous yet not too extravagant palaces and temple sites carried the memory back to the most flourishing times of Baekje, which have became a fascinating tourist destination that is worth the visit.

    The site has garnered international recognition as the 12th venue to be listed on UNESCO’s World Cultural and Natural Heritage list for Korea for being central to trade and cultural exchange through areas of the East Asia countries including China and Japan.

    Baekje Historic Areas constitutes important cultural heritage sites that spread across neighboring cities of Gongju, Buyeo and Iksan. A total of eight sites are categorized as Continuous Heritages and they are made up of two sites in Gongju, Chungcheongnam-do (Gongsanseong Fortress, Songsan-ri Tombs and Royal Tomb of King Muryeong), four sites in Buyeo, Chungcheongnam-do (Gwanbuk-ri Relics and Busosanseong Fortress of Buyeo, Buyeo Neungsan-ri Ancient Tombs, Jeongnimsaji, Buyeo Naseong Fortress), and two sites in Iksan of Jeollabuk-do (Iksan Wanggungni Historic Site, Mireuksaji).

Major Attractions

Gongsanseong Fortress (left) / The Tomb of King Muryeong (right) Photo: Gongsanseong Fortress (left) / The Tomb of King Muryeong (right)

Gongju Gongsanseong Fortress of the Baekje Era had been called Ungjinseong and later became known as Gongsanseong after the Goryeo Dynasty. The fortress sits on the top of Gongsan moutain that soars 110m above sea level and stretches its arms to the south for 2,450 meters.

Gongsanseong Fortress not only has historical value but also a stunning night view that had drawn many tourists visit and capture the beautiful nightscape.
Royal Tomb of King Muryeong is the tomb of the 25th king of Baekje. It is a rare occasion for the identiy of the ancient tomb to be revealed. The tomb had remained perfectly intact and unrobbed with over 4,600 artifacts unearthed, which held great historical value and became added assets to the ancient art history studies.

Nakhwaam Rock in Busosanseong Fortress (left) / Dangganjiju flagpole support of Mireuksaji temple in Iksan (right) Photo: Nakhwaam Rock in Busosanseong Fortress (left) / Dangganjiju flagpole support of Mireuksaji temple in Iksan (right)

Busosanseong Fortress, which used to be called Sabiseong back then, was the capital of Baekje for 123 years before the kingdom was overthrown.
Nakhwaam Rock, which literally means 'Rock of Falling Flowers, is a rock cliff where the 3,000 ladies of the court jumped off, passing down the tragic legend of of the Baekje.

Mireuksaji was the largest temple in the history of Baekje where it has treasued two famous sites to visit, the pagoda and the Dangganjiju flagpole support.

The Mireuksaji Seoktap in the temple is the oldest and the largest stone pagoda in Korea. The east tower of the pagoda was restored in 1993 and the west tower is currently restoring in progress. In particular, the Dangganjiju of Mireuksaji is held as a great  cultural heritage for being well preserved in good condition.

More Info

* This column was last updated in August 2015, and therefore information may differ from what is presented here. We advise you to check details from the official websites before visiting.

<Last updated on August 27, 2015>




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