Destinations by Region

Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage] (화성 융릉(장조,현경왕후)과 건릉(정조,효의왕후) [유네스코 세계문화유산])

  • Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage] (화성 융릉(장조,현경왕후)과 건릉(정조,효의왕후) [유네스코 세계문화유산])
  • Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage] (화성 융릉(장조,현경왕후)과 건릉(정조,효의왕후) [유네스코 세계문화유산])
  • Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage] (화성 융릉(장조,현경왕후)과 건릉(정조,효의왕후) [유네스코 세계문화유산])
  • Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage] (화성 융릉(장조,현경왕후)과 건릉(정조,효의왕후) [유네스코 세계문화유산])
  • Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage] (화성 융릉(장조,현경왕후)과 건릉(정조,효의왕후) [유네스코 세계문화유산])
  • Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage] (화성 융릉(장조,현경왕후)과 건릉(정조,효의왕후) [유네스코 세계문화유산])
  • Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage] (화성 융릉(장조,현경왕후)과 건릉(정조,효의왕후) [유네스코 세계문화유산])
  • Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage] (화성 융릉(장조,현경왕후)과 건릉(정조,효의왕후) [유네스코 세계문화유산])
Address
21, Hyohaeng-ro 481beon-gil, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do
경기도 화성시 효행로481번길 21 (안녕동)
Type
Monuments/ Historical Sites
Inquiries
• 1330 Travel Hotline: +82-2-1330
(Korean, English, Japanese, Chinese)
• For more info: +82-31-222-0142
Homepage
www.royaltombs.cha.go.kr (Korean, Japanese, Chinese)
  • Information
    Introduction
    Yungneung is the joint tomb of King Jangjo (1735-1762) and Queen Heongyeong (1735-1815). King Jangjo was the father of King Jeongjo, the 22nd ruler of the Joseon Dynasty.

    King Jangjo was the second son of King Yeongjo, the 21st ruler of the Joseon Dynasty. He was installed as a Crown Prince in 1736. As the Crown Prince, he administered the state affairs on behalf of his father and showed great capability in various fields. However, he died in 1762 after being locked in a wooden rice chest by the orders of his father, King Yeongjo.

    The tomb of this ill-fated Crown Prince was originally located in Baebongsan Mountain located in Yangju-gun, Gyeonggi-do. His son, King Jeongjo moved the tomb to Hwasan Mountain in Hwaseong, Gyeonggi-do and changed the title of the tomb to Hyeollyungwon. Later, he posthumously gave his father the title King Jangjo and moved the tomb to its current place, and the title of the tomb was changed again to Yungneung.

    Queen Heongyeong was designated as a crown princess in 1744. In 1795 when she turned 60 and long after her husband died, she wrote Hanjungnok, the memoirs, which is mainly about the terrible fate of her husband.
    The Memoirs have great historical significance, and these along with the Tales of Queen Inhyeon, are highly valued as pieces of royal literature.

    Yungneung is currently located in Annyeong-dong in Hwaseong. A stone called “Byeongpungseok” surrounds the tomb. On the stone, peony and lotus flowers are engraved. Like other royal tombs, there are two separate spaces – one raised and one lower space. In the raised space, there is the mound, “Honyuseok,” which is a rectangular shaped stone sitting in front of the mound, and "Mangjuseok," which is a pair of stones that sit on both sides of the mound. In the lower spaces, there are several stone statues. They include “Muninseok,” a statue of a civil officer, “Muinseok,” a statue of a military officer, and “Seokma,” a statue of a horse.


    Geolleung (건릉) is the joint tomb of King Jeongjo (1752-1800), the 22nd ruler of the Joseon Dynasty, and Queen Hyoui (1753-1821).

    King Jeongjo’s last wish was to be buried near his father’s tomb in Yungneung. King Jeongjo was the second son of King Jangjo and Queen Heongyeong, but in 1759, when he was 8 years old, he was designated as an heir to the throne. During his 24 year-reign, King Jeongjo influenced state affairs by implementing the “Tangpyeongchaek (a policy to balance the power of political factions),” and he also had great accomplishments in the area of academic research by creating the “Gyujanggak (a national royal library).”

    Queen Hyoui was a daughter of Kim Si Muk and was installed as a partner of the heir to the throne at the age of 10. In 1776, when King Jeongjo ascended the throne, she also became Queen. She is known to have led a frugal life. In 1821, she died without an heir at the age of 69 in Jagyeongjeon, Changgyeonggung Palace.

    Geolleung looks very similar to Yungneung, but unlike Yungneung, it does not have a “Byeongpungseok,” which is a wide and rectangular stone that surrounds the mound and protects it. Instead, it is surrounded by “Nanganseok,” stone handrails. On every handrail, lotus flowers are engraved. King Jeongjo’s tomb is simpler and less decorated than his father’s, which reflects King Jeongjo’s respect and love for his father. Both Geolleung and Yungneung are designated as Historic Site No. 206.

    Current Status
    UNESCO World Heritage (Designated in 2009)
    Historic Site No.206 (Designated on May 26, 1970)

    Closed
    Mondays

    Duration
    about 1 hour

    Operating Hours
    November-May, September-October 09:00-18:00
    June-August 09:00-18:30
    November-January 09:00-17:30
    * Last admission is 1 hour before closing.

    Parking Facilities
    81 spaces
    * Operating hours: 09:00-18:30 (Winter season 09:00-17:30)


    Admission Fees
    [General admission]
    Individuals: Adults 1,000 won / Children & Teenagers 500 won
    Groups: Adults 800 won / Children & Teenagers 400 won

    * Last admission: 1 hour before closing.
    * Groups: 10 or more people
    * Adults (ages 19-64) / Children & Teenagers (ages 7-19)
    * Children aged 6 & under and senior citizens aged 65 & over may enter free of charge.
    ID must be presented at the ticket box.

    [Other passes]
    Hourly pass: 30,000 won
    * Viewing hours 12:00-13:00
    * Valid for 1 year

    Lunch pass: 3,000 won
    * Viewing hours12:00-14:00 (last admission is at 13:00)
    * Limited to 10 times

    Monthly pass: 10,000 won
    * Visitors may enter freely within operating hours
    * Valid for 1 month

    [Free entry]
    * All visitors on the last Wednesday of each month (Culture Day).
    * Visitors wearing hanbok.

    Facilities for the Handicapped
    Wheelchair rental service, restrooms

    Restrooms
    Available

    Korean Info. Service
    Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs tour 10:30 / 14:00

  • Tourist Sites
  • Accommodation
  • Restaurants
  • Shopping
  • Transportation

VisitKorea does not guarantee the quality of products or services introduced on its site and is not responsible for any direct or indirect losses resulting from use of said products or services.