Gyeongju – A world cultural heritage city
Gyeongju was the capital of ancient Silla Kingdom, which lasted for about a thousand years from 57 B.C. to A.D. 935. Silla was the first kingdom to unify the Korean Peninsula in A.D. 676. Various historical and cultural relics still remain in Gyeongju from the time when Silla was most prosperous. The part of the city where relics were preserved was designated as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage in 2000. For this reason, Gyeongju is called a ‘museum without walls.’ Even after a thousand years, relics of archaeological significance are still being excavated today. The royal crowns and accessories found in Geumgwanchong and Cheonmachong tombs are designated as treasures managed by the state. They are on exhibit at the Gyeongju National Museum.