Korea’s cultural heritage of 5,000 years
International travelers will be surprised to learn about Korea’s 5,000 years of history and its numerous cultural heritages. Despite its tumultuous history, which evolved throughout The Three Kingdoms period, the Unified Shilla period, Goryeo Dynasty, Joseon Dynasty, and the Japanese colonial era, Korea still preserves its beautiful natural landscape and historical relics.
As of 2014, Korea has 11 world cultural heritages sites and natural heritage sites including the Seokguram Grotto, Bulguksa Temple, Haeinsa Janggyeong Panjeon (Tripitaka Koreana) and the royal tombs of the Joseon Dynasty.
There are also 15 intangible cultural heritages like pansori (a genre of Korean traditional music performed with traditional instruments), Jongmyo Jerye (a rite held to worship the late kings and queens of the Joseon Dynasty at Jongmyo Shrine) and arirang (the quintessential Korean folk song).
Also included as UNESCO's Memory of the World are nine publications including the Hunminjeongeum Haeryebon, the Joseon Wangjo Sillok (Annals of the Joseon Dynasty), and the Donguibogam (The Principles and Practice of Eastern Medicine).