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Jeju Island: Volcanic Island full of Allure-1. Main Attractions

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Recommended Tour Courses on Jejudo Island
Main Attractions

Jejudo Island is a volcanic island with a unique landscape that is home to a diversity of plant life that varies by elevation and numerous types of animals. The coastlines are a series of cliffs and beaches, and the center of the island around Hallasan Mountain is dotted with over 365 Oreums (오름, the word for “small volcanic mountains” in Jeju dialect). Past volcanic activity has carved out an extensive series of lava caves and sea caves all around the island and just off the coastlines are eight inhabited and 53 uninhabited islands scattered throughout the emerald-blue sea.

>> World Heritages
UNESCO, an agency of the United Nations, designates cultural and natural heritages around the world: places that considered to be of tremendous value globally and deserving of preservation and protection. Jejudo Island, though a relatively small island, boasts an impressive three World Heritage Sites, sites that showcase the island’s natural beauty and volcanic legacy. Designated in June 2007, these sites include Hallasan National Park, Seongsan Ilchulbong Peak, and the Geomunoreum Lava Tube System.

Hallasan National Park

Formed from volcanic activity millions of years ago, Hallasan Mountain (한라산) is a shield-shaped mountain with a lake-filled crater (called Baekrokdam Lake, 백록담), columnar-jointed cliffs, and countless smaller parasitic volcanoes. The mountain is surrounded by over 360 small volcanic mountains and 2,000 plant species, making this a truly unique area.
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Geomunoreum Lava Tube System

The Geomunoreum (거문오름) Lava Tube System is the largest lava tube system on Jeju and is made up of the Manjanggul Cave (만장굴), Gimnyeonggul Cave (김녕굴), Bengduigul Cave (벵뒤굴), Yongcheongul Cave (용천굴), and Dangcheomuldonggul Cave (당처물동굴). The lava tube system has only recently been opened to the public, meaning that the tubes have remained well-preserved and can still be seen in their original condition.
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Seongsan Ilchulbong Peak

Lying at the far east of the island, this tuff cone is the result of the island’s volcanic history. With one side rising out of the sea and the other side sloping down into the surrounding countryside, Seongsan Ilchulbong Peak (성산일출봉) is truly a sight to behold. Seongsan Ilchulbong Peak is famous not only as a geological wonder, but is also one of the best places in Korea to watch the sunrise, earning it the name “Sunrise Peak.”
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>> Oreums
Everywhere you look, you’ll spot small volcanic mountains rising up from the flat expanses of fields and farmlands. There are over 365 of these mountains, called “oreums” (오름), spread out around Hallasan Mountain. The main Oreums are as follows.

Saebyeol Oreum

Located on the west side of Jejudo Island, Saebyeol Oreum (새별오름) is approximately 119m in height and is the site of the famous Jeju Jeongwol Daeboreum Fire Festival, a festival in which one side of the mountain is lit on fire in celebration of the first full moon of the lunar calendar. During the rest of the year the oreum is still a favorite, giving hikers an incredible view of the surrounding countryside.
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Darangshi Oreum (Wollang Peak)

Darangshi Oreum (다랑쉬오름) rises 382m above sea level and has a circumference of 3,391m. The gently-sloping contours of the mountain make for a beautiful view and visitors can see the crater at the top of the mountain even while standing at the oreum’s base. The name ‘Darangshi’ is derived from the fact that the crater of the mountain looks like the moon ('da' means 'moon,’ ‘rang’ means ‘and,’ and 'shi' means 'mountain').
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Yongnuni Oreum

Yongnuni Oreum (용눈이오름) is 88m in height and 2,685m in circumference. The mountain is covered with lush green grass and is home to a wide array of plants. Some say its name comes from the fact that the large crater at the middle looks like a dragon’s eye when viewed from above (‘용/yong’ meaning ‘dragon’ and ‘눈이/nuni’ meaning ‘eye’). Others say that it was so named because it looks like a dragon lying down. From the top of the mountain, visitors can see some of Jeju’s most famous sites: Seongsan Ilchulbong Peak, and Udo Island, as well as other oreums.
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>> Islands Surrounding Jejudo Island
Jejudo Island is surrounded by beautiful islands such as Udo, Chagwido, Biyangdo, Gapado, and Marado. These islands offer breathtaking scenery and add another unique element to Jeju’s magical charm.

Udo Island

Located to the northeast of Jejudo Island, Udo (우도) is the largest island around Jejudo Island and is Jeju’s most popular attraction, second only to Hallasan Mountain. This Island is known for its relaxed, small-town vibe and is home to Hagosudong Beach (하고수동해수욕장), a white sand beach, and Sanhosa Beach (산호사해수욕장), a beach of tiny coral pieces.
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Marado Island

Over 0.3㎢, Marado (마라도) is the small, southernmost island of the Korean Peninsula. Made of a series of steep cliffs, rock formations, and sea caves, this beautiful island is on the smaller side and can be explored in approximately one and a half hours. Visitors can reach Marado Island by taking a ferry from the pier at Songaksan Mountain (송악산).
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Biyangdo Island

Only a little over 0.5㎢, Biyangdo (비양도) is a small island 5km to the north of Hallim Port (한림항), a 15-minute ride away by ferry. Similar to the coastal road Ilju-ro on the mainland, there is also a scenic coastal road that winds around Biyangdo Island, making it perfect for hiking and biking. Biyangbong Peak is a volcanic mountain in the middle of the island characterized by its pillow lava and uniquely-shaped rock formations. One rock formation resembles a mother cuddling her baby.
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>> Waterfalls on Jejudo Island
In addition to a beautiful and geographically-significant assortment of rocks and cliffs, Jeju’s natural wonders include a variety of magnificent waterfalls. The island’s three most famous waterfalls are Cheonjiyeon Fall, Cheonjeyeon Fall, and Jeongbang Fall.

Cheonjiyeon Falls

Located near Seogwipohang Port (서귀포항), Cheonjiyeon Waterfall (천지연폭포) is home to hundreds of rare plants as well as the famous black eels. This lush ecosystem has been designated a natural preservation site and attracts visitors from all over the country. In the evening, the area around the falls takes on a romantic feel as the falls and its surrounding paths are aglow with lights.
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Cheonjeyeon Falls

Located in the Jungmun Resort Complex (중문관광단지), Cheonjeyeon Falls (천제연폭포) is translated as the “Pond of God” and is said to be a nighttime bathing spot of seven nymphs. The waterfall is surrounded by about 100 species of trees and plants and is a particularly refreshing place to visit in the summertime. The waterfall consists of three tiers and the flow varies greatly according to the amount of rainfall.
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Jeongbang Falls

Located on the east coast of Seogwipo City, Jeongbang Falls (정방폭포) is a coastal waterfall 23m in height. Here, the water plunges directly into the ocean and visitors can usually see a rainbow in the mist created by the water bouncing off the rocks.
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>> Magnificent Sights on Jejudo Island
Jejudo is an island rich in natural beauty. The coastline is a series of beaches and rocky cliffs and the surrounding mini islands provide delightful new travel destinations to repeat visitors to Jejudo Island. However, perhaps the thing that sets Jeju apart from other islands around the world is its array of rock formations: visually stunning masterpieces that have resulted from volcanic activity.

Yongduam Rock (Dragon Head Rock)

Located around Yongyeon, Yongduam (용두암) is a rock shaped like a dragon’s head that sits upon a section of the coastline that juts out into the sea. The sight of the waves ricocheting back and forth across the rock base and the dragon’s head clearly outlined by the setting sun has become the subject of many travelers’ photos. Legend has it that a dragon stealing precious jade from Hallasan Mountain was shot by an arrow from the mountain god. As he fell down upon Yongduam, his body sunk into the ocean and his head turned into rock, leaving him forever enshrined looking towards the sky.
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Jusangjeolli Cliff of Jungmun and Daepo Beaches

Jusangjeolli Cliffs (주상절리) along the Daepo Coast (대포해안) are formed out of hexagonal columns tightly pressed up against one another. Almost skeletal in appearance, the rock face is a breathtaking sight, particularly when the waters are rough and waves crash up along the cliffs. When the waters are relatively calm, the water turns into a thousands hues of turquoise waves and becomes the picture of serenity.
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Seopjikoji Coast

Long since a beloved attraction of Jejudo Island, Seopjikoji’s popularity skyrocketed after being featured in the Korean soap opera “All In.” The area’s beauty comes into full glory in the spring when the bright yellow canola flowers bloom in the fields, standing out in stark contrast to the rich blue background of the ocean. From Seopjikoji Coast (섭지코지), visitors can look out across the ocean and get a gorgeous view of Seongsan Ilchulbong Peak, which seems to be almost rising out of the field of flowers.
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Bijarim Forest Road

Selected as “The Most Beautiful Road in Korea” in 2002, Bijarim Forest (비자림) Road is flanked by lines of tall, majestic cedars and fields of silver grass that almost seem to glitter in the sunlight. It’s easy to see why the road is a popular filming site; it winds through ranches, where horses roam freely, and around the bases of the small volcanic mountains for which the island is famous.
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Date 08/27/2010

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