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Cultural Properties print


Daedongmun Gate
Located in Daedongmun-dong, Jung-gu, Pyeongyang-si, Daedongmun Gate was the eastern gate for the inner complex of Pyeongyangseong Palace during the Goguryeo era. Built during the mid 6th century, it was reconstructed in 1576, the middle of the Joseon era (9th year of King Seonjo’s rule). One of the most important palace gates, the two-story structure is around 19m tall. In the past there was a ferry outside which drew in large crowds of people. It is North Korea's National Treasure #1.
Botongmun Gate
Botongmun Gate in Pyeongyang is a palace gate from the Goguryeo era. Originally built in the mid 6th century, the structure was repaired many times before being completely reconstructed in 1473. The height of the gate is smaller in comparison to that of the other gates. It is North Korea’s National Treasure #2.
Dongmyeongwangreung Grave
Discovered in a 1974 excavation site, this is the gravesite of King Dongmyeong, founder of the Goguryeo nation. Located in Wangreung-dong, Mujin-ri, Yeokpogu, Pyeongyang-si, the mural on the eastern wall of the grave seems to be depicting Yeonhwamun Gate.
Gaeseong Namdaemun Gate
The south gate of the Gaeseong Palace inner complex Bukan-dong, Gaeseong-si. Built in 1394 (3rd year of King Taejo’s rule), it was repaired many times before being rebuilt in 1900 (4th year of Gojeong’s rule). It burned to the ground in December 1950, and was rebuilt once again in 1954. Built out of rectangular slabs of granite, it has an interesting hole behind the wall that allowed defenders to ward off enemies. The wall also has a gutter system to get rid of rainwater. It is North Korea’s National Treasure #34.
Gaeseong Seonjukgyo Bridge
This is a Goryeo era (918-1392) stone bridge located in the eastern area of Mt. Janamsan in Seonjuk-dong, Gaeseong-si. East of the bridge, there is a stone monument bearing the handwriting of Hanseokbong, the famed calligrapher of the Joseon era. It is said that the bridge was originally named Seonjigyo, but was later changed to Seonjukgyo. It is North Korea’s national Treasure #36.
Hyeonhwasa Temple 7-story Stone Pagoda
A 7-story stone pagoda in Weolgo-ri, Jangpung-gun, Gaeseong-si, the tower was built in 1020, after the construction of the temple in 1018 (9th year of Hyeonjong’s rule) of the Goryeo era. The tower is 8.64m tall, which is fairly high for a stone pagoda. It is North Korea’s National Treasure #41.
Gangseo Daemyo Grave
A Goguryeo era gravesite located in the plains of Sammyo-ri in Gangseo-myeon, Pyeongannam-do. Along with the Jungmyo and Somyo graves nearby, they are collectively called the Gangseo Sammyo. Their sizes determine their names- Daemyo is the largest, Jungmyo is midsized, and Somyo is the smallest. The mural in the Gangseo Daemyo grave is of the 4 gods with a decorative pattern, painted directly on the rock surface. There are many differing opinions about when the gravesite and mural were created, but it is generally agreed that they were created around the late 6th century to the early 7th century. Of the murals, the most important part is the depiction of the green dragon flying up in an S-shape. It is considered the best of all depictions of green dragon paintings. It is North Korea’s National Treasure #3.
Gangseo Jungmyo Grave
This gravesite is located in the plains of Sammyo-ri in Gangseo-myeon, Pyeongannam-do, built during the Goguryeo era of the Three Kingdoms (4~7th century). Its plan is similar to that of the Daemyo, only smaller. The mural is of the 4 gods with a decorative pattern on a smooth rock surface. In the center of the ceiling is a lotus, surrounded by the sun, moon, and a phoenix. It is estimated that it was constructed between the mid 6th and early 7th century. It is North Korea’s National Treasure #4.
Gangseo Somyo Grave
This gravesite is located in the plains of Sammyo-ri in Gangseo-myeon, Pyeongannam-do. It is round in shape and about 6.81m tall. It is similar to the Daemyo and Jungmyo, but smaller and has no murals or decorative patterns. It is North Korea’s National Treasure #5.
Yeonhwachong Grave
This is a Goguryeo era grave located in Taeseong-ri, Gangseo-gun, Myeongannam-do. The walls and ceilings are painted in large-scale murals of lotus blossoms, hence the name 'yeonhwa' (lotus blossom). On the inner walls are also depictions of people, animals, and flame patterns. It is estimated to be from around the early 5th century, by the layout and murals. It is North Korea’s National Treasure #7.
Yonggangdaechong Grave
This gravesite is located in Jinji-dong, Yonggang-eup, Yonggang-gun, Pyeongannam-do. Thought to have been built around the 5th century, during the Goguryeo era, the murals depict people. It is North Korea’s National Treasure #10.
Daeanri 1 Byeokhwagobun
Located in Daean-gu, Yonggang-gun, Pyeongannam-do. Its width from east to west is 19.5m and 22.5 from north to south, and it faces south. The mural depicts a woman weaving a piece of cloth on a loom.
Anguksa Temple
Located in Bonghak, Suncheon-gun, Pyeongannam-do, it was built in 503 during the Goguryeo era. The current structure was one that was rebuilt in 1786. In front of the main building is the Taepyeongru.
Tonggunjeong
A raised gazebo used to direct the military in Uiju-eup, Uiju-gun, Pyeonganbuk-do. It is unclear when it was built, but a record of it exists in the ‘Imsahonggi’, a book published in 990 (8th year of King Seongjong’s rule, Goryeo era). Therefore, it is believed to be an early Goryeo structure. It was rebuilt in 1538 and repaired in 1823. If you climb Tonggunjeong, you can see Uijuseong Fortress and Aprokgang River all in one glance. It is North Korea’s National Treasure #11.
Gyeongseongnammun
This is the south gate of Gyeongseongeupseong Place, located in Gyeongseong-gun, Hamgyeongbuk-do. It was built in 1107 and has been repaired many times since. The entire structure is made out of a rock base and there is a door on the tower gate on the 2nd level. This was the most important military and transportation gate in the fortress. It is North Korea’s National Treasure #49.
Maunryeong Jinheungwangsunsubi Memorial
This is one of the memorials that Shilla’s King Jinheung erected to honor his travels around the country. It is located in Maun-ryeong, Iwon-gun, Hamgyeongnam-do. Made in 568, the material is entirely granite. The measurements are as follows- 165.1cm tall, 44.2cm wide and 30.3cm thick. From the memorial, it can be seen that King Jinheung toured the country to look after the needs of his citizens on August 21st of 568- the names of the people accompanying him are listed on the back.
Hwangchoryeong Jinheungwangsunsubi Memorial
Shilla’s King Jinheung erected this memorial to honor his travels around the country. It was originally located in Hwangchoryeong Hamheung-gun, Hamgyeongnam-do, but it was later moved in 1852 (3rd year of King Cheoljong’s rule, Joseon era) to Jinheung-ri, located south of Hwangchoryeong. It was built in 568, and it is made out of granite. It is 151.5cm tall, 46.9cm wide and 48.5~24.5cm thick.
Yeongtongsa Temple 5-story Pagoda
An early Goryeo era stone pagoda, it is located in Yongheung-ri, Yeongnam-myeon, Gaepung-gun, Gyeonggi-do. 6.5m tall and made of granite, it embodies characteristics classic of early Joseon era stone pagodas. It is North Korea’s National Treasure #37.
[Additional Information]

Graves of Kings or Queens -> ‘reung’ suffix / ex) Muyeolwangreung

Other Graves -> ‘myo’ suffix / ex) Inmun Kim myo

Unknown Graves -> ‘chong’ suffix / ex) Cheonmachong

(Unknown graves are named after any unique artifacts that are unearthed)

When a grave is not a ‘reung’, ‘myo’, and cannot be called ‘chong’ due to the lack of any unique artifacts, it is given the ‘bun’ suffix.

(They are usually referred to as the ‘gobun’, meaning old grave.)