|Yeongneung / Nyeongneung [UNESCO World Heritage] (여주 영릉(英陵)과 영릉(寧陵))|
|Yeongneung (영릉) is the joint tomb of the 4th ruler of the Joseon Dynasty, King Sejong (1397-1450, reign 1418-1450) and his wife Queen Soheon (1395-1446). This was the first joint royal tomb of the Joseon Dynasty.
King Sejong was the third son of the 3rd ruler, King Taejong, and his wife Queen Wongyeong. He came to the throne at the age of 22. During his 32-year reign, he was very influential in the development of Korean culture. For example, King Sejong created the Korean alphabet, which he called Hunmin Jeongeum, and set up the Hall of Worthies (Jiphyeonjeon, 집현전), an association of the kingdom’s brightest scholars. He also used Confucian principles to administer state affairs. Under the reign of King Sejong, therefore, many sectors including politics, economy, society and culture flourished. In fact, King Sejong the Great is regarded as making some of the most brilliant achievements in Korean history.
Yeongneung is currently located in Neungseo-myeon in Yeoju-gun in Gyeonggi-do province, but the tomb was originally located in Seogang, Gwangju. When it was constructed following Queen Soheon’s death in 1446, it was decided it should be a double tomb, and the space on the right side was reserved for King Sejong. In 1450 when King Sejong died, he was buried together with the dead Queen. Later, the tomb was moved to its current place, as it was thought that the original location was not an auspicious place according to geomantic traditions.
Various items that were originally buried in the tomb were excavated in 1973 and now are exhibited in the King Sejong the Great Memorial Hall (세종대왕 기념관), which is located in Cheongnyangni, Seoul.
Nyeongneung(녕릉) is the royal tomb of the 17th ruler of the Joseon Dynasty, King Hyojong (1619-1659, reign 1649-1659), and of his wife Queen Inseon (1618-1674).
The tomb was originally located to the west of Geonwolleung (건원릉, the tomb of King Teajo, the 1st ruler of the Joseon Dynasty), but in 1673 cracks appeared on the tomb’s “Byeongpungseok” (stone border), and it was moved to its current location, which is to the east of Yeongneung (영릉, the tomb of King Sejong).
King Hyojong was the second son of King Injo, the Joseon dynasty’s the 16th ruler, and Queen Illyeol. Upon ascending to the throne, he devised a plan to conquer the Northern region of Asia, including the Qing Dynasty (part of China). As part of the plan, he reformed the military system and strengthened the army and military enforcements. King Hyojong had spent time in northern China when he was taken hostage by the Manchus. During that time he became exposed to many different cultures and technological advancements. When a group of Dutch sailors were shipwrecked onto the Korean shores, King Hyojong ordered them to build the Korean army’s first muskets.
King Hyojong also implemented “Daedongbeop (대동법)”, a tax system under which people had to pay taxes with rice and circulated “Sangpyeongtongbo (상평통보)”, the coinage of the Joseon Dynasty.
|UNESCO World Heritage / Historic Site No.195|
|Closed on Mondays|
|09:00~18:00 (March - October), 09:00~17:00 (November - February)|
|235 spaces (Free)|
|* Adults (age 19∼64) 500 won / Group (20 or more) 400 won
* Children (age 7∼18) 300 won / Group (10 or more) 200 won
|Facilities for the Handicapped|
|Wheelchair rental service, disabled toilet and parking lot|
|* From Seoul Express bus terminal, take a bus to Yeoju (06:30-22:00 / 30~40 mins interval / 1 hour 10 mins ride).
* From Yeoju Bus Terminal, take bus 111 that’s heading to Icheon. Get off at the Air Unit stop (공군부대) and walk for 20 mins.
* There are three direct buses a day from Yeoju Bus Terminal to Yeongneung (영릉.세종대왕릉) (bus #52-2 at 09:30 / #52-6 at 13:00 / #54-2 at 14:50). You can take these buses from the “Buy the Way” convenience store next to Yeoju Bus Terminal.