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Seoul » Jongno-gu » Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)


Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)   
Gwanghwamun Gate (광화...
Gwanghwamun Gate (광화...
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화...
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
  • Gwanghwamun Gate (광화문)
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161, Sajik-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul
서울특별시 종로구 사직로 161 (세종로)
• 1330 Travel Hotline: +82-2-1330 (Korean, English, Japanese, Chinese)
• For more info: +82-2-3700-3904~5,
(Korean, English)
VisitKorea does not guarantee the quality of products or services introduced on its site and is not responsible for any direct or indirect losses resulting from use of said products or services.
Founded in 1395 by the first king of the Joseon Dynasty, Gwanghwamun is the main gate of Gyeongbukgung Palace. Roughly meaning “may the light of enlightenment blanket the world,” the name symbolizes the resounding dedication that the people of the Joseon Dynasty had in creating a new dynasty. Constructed solely out of granite, its center is an entrance that resembles a rainbow, called Hongyemun. Above that is a gate tower.

Gwanghwamun holds a painful memory in Korean history. During the Japanese occupation of Korea, the Japanese governing general, in order to kill the spirits of the Korean citizens, destroyed the gate and built his own government building. The present appearance of the gate is that of 1968 when it was rebuilt using concrete, and it’s location is about 10 m behind the original spot. Though Gwanghwamun is the most beautiful of the five palace gates, it was not designated by the Korean government as a national treasure because it is made purely of concrete. The government is now in the process of destroying the Japanese building and restoring the palace.

Gwanghwamun has its name written on a sign on the gate, and it was personally written by then-president Park Jeong-Hui. On either side of the gate you can see the word “Haetae” facing south. Haetae is a mythical unicorn-lion that is said to protect palaces from fire. According to Pungsujirisang, there was a fire around Gwanaksan Mountain, so in order to protect the palace from fire from the mountain, these fire-eating Haetaes were put beside the gate.
+82-2-3700-3904~5, +82-2-738-9171
Admission Fees
* Gwanghwamun Gate is free of charge.
* Gyeongbokgung Palace
   - Adult: 3,000 won; 2,400 won (for more than 10 people )
   - Teenager: 1,500 won; 2,000 won (for more than 10 people )

Facilities for the Handicapped
*Wheelchair rentals available
1) City Hall Station (Seoul Subway Line 1 & 2), Exit 3.
2) Gyeongbokgung Station (Seoul Subway Line 3), Exit 6 & 7.
3) Gwanghwamun Station (Seoul Subway Line 5), Exit 1, 2 & 8.
* Connected to the underground exit.

Red Bus: 5500-2, 9602, 9706, 9708, 9713
Blue Bus: 103, 150, 401, 402, 406, 408, 607,704
Green Bus: 0212, 1711, 7016, 7018, 7022, 8000
Village Bus: Jongno 09, Jongno 11
Tourist Sites
Gwanghwamun Square (광화문광장)
Gwanghwamun Square (광화문광장)
  • Region : Jongno-gu Seoul
  • Theme : Parks
  • On August 1st, 2009, the redesigned Gwanghwamun Square opened to the public. With the inauguration o...
Seoul City Tour Bus (서울시티투어)
Seoul City Tour Bus (서울시티투어)
  • Region :
  • Theme :
  • Launched in October 13, 2000, the Seoul City Tour Bus introduces tourists to Seoul’s major attractio...
King Sejong Statue (세종대왕 동상)
King Sejong Statue (세종대왕 동상)
  • Region : Jongno-gu Seoul
  • Theme : Architectural & Sculptural Highlights
  • The King Sejong Statue was erected at the center of Gwanghawmun Square on Hangeul Day (October 9) of...
Royal Court Food Cooking Experience at the National Palace Museum of Korea (궁중수라간 최고상궁 과정 체험)
Royal Court Food Cooking Experience at the National Palace Museum of Korea (궁중수라간 최고상궁 과정 체험)
  • Region : Jongno-gu Seoul
  • Theme : Traditional&Cultural Experiences/ Temple Stays
  • A once in a lifetime opportunity to learn the secrets to preparing royal Korean court food is curren...
National Palace Museum of Korea (국립고궁박물관)
National Palace Museum of Korea (국립고궁박물관)
  • Region : Jongno-gu Seoul
  • Theme : Museums
  • The National Palace Museum of Korea opened in 1992 displaying relics from the Joseon Dynasty [1392~1...

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