|Baengnyeongdo Island (백령도)|
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|Baengnyeongdo Island is famous for an array of attractions including the mighty sea cliffs of Dumujin, the bean cobbled beach of Kongdol, the second Presbytarian Church established in Korea, and tasty sea foods. As it is located in the most northern point of South Korea, the island offers views of Jangsan Peninsula on North Korea.
Initially known as Gok-do during the Goguryeo Kingdom Era (37 BC-668 AD), Baengnyeongdo Island received its current name in 1018 AD under the later Three Kingdom Goryeo Dynasty as a result of a local legend. The legend has it that a young scholar on Hwanghae-do Province (now North Korea) fell in love with the daughter of a district magistrate. The magistrate, disapproving the relationship, exiled his daughter to a faraway island in an effort to dissolve the relationship. Saddened by the mysterious disappearance of his lover, the young scholar spent many nights wondering of her whereabouts. One night, whilst sleeping the young scholar dreamed of a white crane that revealed to him the location of his lover. He found her on the distant island now called Baengnyeongdo. On hearing this story, the local people of the area started calling the island Baekhakdo which means, “the white crane told him so." Then, in 1018 AD, the name changed again to Baengnyeongdo, with ‘baeg’ meaning white crane and ‘nyeong’ meaning wings.
During the Korean War, the island was a base for a famous guerilla fighting group against the communist North. Known as the White Tigers, the group made numerous incursions from the islands in the vicinity into North Korea. After the War, the remaining fighters were known to have taken refuge on neighboring Daecheongdo Island.
|WARNING: As Baengnyeongdo is a strategic military point, it is highly advisable that hikers stay on all marked trails as it is not uncommon to see marked mine fields in the mountains. These minefields are normally positioned in heavily vegetated areas between the coastline and the roadsides. If you think you have wandered off the trail or are not sure of the course, please return the way you came until you have regained your bearings. Camping in the mountains is forbidden in Baengnyeongdo as is making fires of any type.
1) Yonggipo Port → Unification Towers → Sagot Beach → Bukpo-ri marine base → Jincheon
2) Jincheon → Bukpo-ri marine base
3) Northern coastal road: Jincheon → Sajabawi Rock → Eoritgol Beach → Bongeunsa Temple → Dumujin
4) Sogal-dong → Hwa-dong Village → Baengnyeong Bridge → Damsuho Lake → Junghwa-dong
* Please be prepared for quick weather changes including blankets of sea fog rolling in from the middle of nowhere, and high winds.
|Accommodations, Korean restaurants, convenience stores, post office (free internet and banking), ATM machines, police station, healthcare center|
|To Baengnyeongdo Island
Take a passenger ferry from Incheon port coastal terminal to Baengnyeongdo Island.
Ferry schedule: 08:00, 08:50, 13:00
Estimated travel time: 4-5 hours
One-way fare: 57,400 won
Ferry route: Socheongdo→Daecheongdo→Baengnyeongdo
From Baengnyeongdo Island
Take a passenger ferry from Baengnyeongdo Island back to Incheon.
Ferry schedule: 08:00, 13:00, 13:50
* Ferry schedule is subject to change, depending on the season and weather conditions.
* English maps for Baengnyeongdo are available at the Incheon coastal terminal.
|Taxis, local buses, rental bikes
* Bus information
Schedule: 07:15, 07:25, 09:15, 11:40, 14:00, 16:00, 18:00, 20:50
Route: Buses that service the whole island run between 09:15 and 16:00
|Nearby Tourist Attractions|
|Unification towers, Simcheong-gak Pavilion, Junghwa-dong Church, Satgot Beach, Kongdol Beach, Eoritgol Beach, Dumujin, Yongturimbawi Rocks, mountain trails|
|1) Munhwa Motel
Tel: +82-17-337-7001, +82-32-836-7001
Homepage: Munhwa Motel (Korean only)
Amenities & Programs: Free internet, coach tours
2) Baengnyeong Noble Pension
|Salty fermented sand eel sauce, blue crab, wild seaweed kelp, black goat, ginseng, white sweet potatoes, wild sage, mugwort, Oseong naengmyeon (chilled buckwheat noodle soup)|