|Cheomseongdae Observatory (경주 첨성대)|
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|Cheomseongdae is the oldest existing astronomical observatory in Asia.
Constructed during the reign of Queen Seon-deok (632-647), it was used for observing the stars in order to forecast the weather. This stone structure is a beautiful combination of straight lines and curves, and was designated as National Treasure No.31 on December 20th, 1962.
Cheomseongdae was built in a cylinder shape with stones 30cm in diameter. 362 stones were piled up to make 27 levels. Roughly 4.16m up from the bottom there is a 1㎡ square entrance and a space to hang a ladder under it.
The inside is filled with soil up to the 12th level, and the 19th, 20th, 25th, and 26th levels all have long rocks hanging on two areas, shaped as the Chinese letter '井' (jeong).
It stands 9.17m high and the base stone on each side measures 5.35m.
The Vernal Equinox, Autumnal Equinox, Winter Solstice, Summer Solstice and the 24 solar terms (also known as the astronomical solar year) were determined by the observation of stars. The pavilion stone is believed to have been used as a standard of deciding directions, north, south, east and west. The 362 stones used to build Cheomseongdae represented the 362 days in a lunar year.
|Admin Office +82-54-779-8744, Tourism Information Center (Gyeongju Station) +82-54-772-3843|
|National Treasure No.31 (Designated on December 20, 1962)|
|Summer 09:00~22:00 / Winter 09:00~21:00|
|Available at Daereungwon parking lot
* Parking Fees - (S) 2,000 won / (L) 4,000 won
|Individual: Adults 1,000 won / Students 600 won / Children 400 won
Group: Adults 800 won / Students 500 won / Children 300 won
* Group: 30 people or more
Entry to 6 sites: Daereungwon Ancient Tomb, Donggunggwawolji (Anapji Pond), Poseokjeong Pavilion Site, Five Royal Tombs, Tomb of Kim Yu-sin, Tomb of King Muyeol
Individual: Adults 8,000 won / Youths 4,800 won / Children 2,800 won
Group: Adults 6,400 won / Youths 4,000 won / Children 2,200 won
- The ticket is available for purchase at Donggunggwawolji (Anapji Pond), Poseokjeong Pavilion Site, Five Royal Tombs, Tomb of Kim Yu-sin and Tomb of King Muyeol.
- The ticket remains valid for use 3 days after purchase.
(* Please be advised that after using the ticket, it can only be used for that day and will become non-refundable.)
- One ticket can be issued regardless of the number of visitors.
|Facilities for the Handicapped|
|Reserved parking spaces|
|Seoul to Gyeongju
From Seoul Station, take a train to Singyeongju station.
(Express KTX Line: operates 20 times a day / Travel Time: 2 hours)
* Operating hours differ on weekdays and weekends.
From Seoul Station, take a train to Gyeongju Station.
(KTX - Mugunghwa Line: operates 18 times a day, stops at Dongdaegu Station / Travel Time: 3 hours)
From Dong Seoul Bus Terminal, take an intercity bus bound for Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal. (Operates 25 times a day / Travel Time: 4 hours)
Dong Seoul Bus Terminal: +82-1688-5979
Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal Service Center +82-1666-5599 / Office: +82-54-772-2377
Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal +82-54-772-2377
Gyeongju Express Bus Terminal +82-54-741-4000
Korail Customer Service: +82-1544-7788 / English service: +82-1599-7777
Gyeongju to Cheomseongdae Observatory
From Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal or Gyeongju Station, take Bus 10, 11, 60, 600, or 700 and get off at Silla Hoegwan or Wolseong-dong Community Center Bus Stop.
From Singyeongju Station, take Bus 60, 61 or 700 and get off at Wolseong-dong Community Center.