|Title||Namhansanseong Fortress, Korea’s latest UNESCO World Heritage|
Gyeonggi Province, which
includes the capital Seoul, is responsible for the fortress site and believes more
tourists will explore the province more widely thanks to the inscription. The
fort is easily accessible from Seoul and this will have a knock on effect to
the local economy giving it a timely boost thanks to the increased tourists.
Namhansanseong was designed as an emergency capital for
the Joson Dynasty (1392-1910), in a mountainous site 25 kilometres south-east
Built and defended by Buddhist monk-soldiers, it could
accommodate 4,000 people and fulfilled important administrative and military
functions. Its earliest remains date from the 7th century, but it
was rebuilt several times, notably in the early 17th century in
anticipation of an attack from the Sino-Manchu Qing dynasty.
The city embodies a synthesis of the defensive military
engineering concepts of the period, based on Chinese and Japanese influences,
and changes in the art of fortification following the introduction from the
West of weapons using gunpowder.
A city that has always been inhabited, and which was the
provincial capital over a long period, it contains evidence of a variety of
military, civil and religious and has become a symbol of Korean sovereignty.
With the addition of
Namhansanseong to the World Heritage list, South Korea now possesses 11 sites
on the list including the Jongmyo Shrine, Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple,
Changdeokgung Palace, Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes, and Royal Tombs of
the Joseon Dynasty.