Gyeongju City and its surroundings have inherited traces of
the glory that flowered and then withered during the ancient
Silla Kingdom (57 B.C. - A.D.) 935. Both downtown and
suburban areas contain many royal burial mounds and
Buddhist remains, which preserve the arts and culture of
the Silla Dynasty.
The Gyeongju Historic Areas where Mt. Namsan and many
cultural properties are located contain a remarkable
concentration of outstanding examples of Korean Buddhist
art, in the form of sculptures, reliefs, pagodas, and the
remains of temples and palaces, which were all built
between the 7th and the 10th centuries.
Mt. Namsan Belt (Historic site No. 311)
Before the arrival of Buddhism in the early part of the Silla period, Mt. Namsan in Gyeongju City
was worshiped as one of five sacred mountains. With the spread of Buddhism, it became the
representation of Sumeru, the heavenly mountain of Land Buddhism.
The ruins of Weolseong, the Half-Moon Palace, as well as numerous temples and fortress sites
can all be seen here. In addition, Hwangnyongsa, the Temple of the Yellow Dragon, royal tombs,
ancient wells and bridges can also be viewed here. The serene woods of Gyerim tell us the
intriguing legends of the progenitor of the Gyeongju Kim clan, the family that reigned during
most of the Silla kingdom. An ancient astronomical observatory called Cheomseongdae, which is
one of the most exquisite examples of its type in Asia, is also located here.
The temples of Hwangnyongsa and Bunhwangsa offer glimpses into the magnificence of Korea's
Sanseong (Fortress) Belt
Myeonghwal Mountain Fortress was built in the fourth century with advanced construction
technologies that were later passed on to Japan.
Tumuli Park Belt
Splendid royal graves from the Silla Kingdom, and a range of excavated historical relics, including
gold crowns and paintings, all display the essence of Silla culture.