Photo: An all-time favorite well-being food, Bibimbap
Bibimbap, a bowl of rice mixed with meat and assorted vegetables, is one of the all time favorite meals of the Korean people, regardless of age or generation. Its popularity has also grown internationally with the spread of hallyu, or Korean “wave.” Even some Hollywood celebrities have praised its nutritional value and talked about how it has helped them maintain a healthy diet.
On top of its aesthetically pleasing appearance, bibimbap appeals to all the senses through its textures, smells, and rich taste. The dish also provides the option of cooling it off before eating or having it served in a hot dish to maintain the high temperature. You may have seen a photo of bibimbap carefully prepared on a golden yugi (Korean brassware) or the heavy-duty dolsot (stone pot). This expresses a chef’s careful calculation in considering a customer, making sure it is enjoyed thoroughly until the last bite. Considering these characteristics unique to bibimbap, one can easily see that it is a thoroughly prepared meal that will not only aid your health, but also heal your mind.
Photo: Bibimbap served in stone pot and brass bowl
One might argue that bibimbap is a type of fast food, in the sense that it is all eaten together after being tossed and stirred thoroughly. However, it is actually the very opposite. Unlike most fast foods, bibimbap contains many beneficial ingredients including both vegetables and meat. This also represents Korean’s long-held belief in harmony, created by oseak (the five cardinal colors of traditional Korean art).
On top of its aesthetically pleasing appearance, bibimbap appeals to all the senses through its textures, smells, and rich taste. The dish also provides the option of cooling it off before eating or having it served in a hot dish to maintain the high temperature. You may have seen a photo of bibimbap carefully prepared on a golden yugi (Korean brassware) or the heavy-duty dolsot (Korean hot-stone). This expresses a chef’s careful calculation in considering a customer, making sure it is enjoyed thoroughly until the last bite. Considering these characteristics unique to bibimbap, one can easily see that it is a thoroughly prepared meal that will not only aid your health, but also heal your mind.
Photo: Gigantic bowl of bibimbap (Courtesy of Jeonju Bibimbap Festival Organizing Committee)
A festival celebrating bibimbap is hosted in Jeonju every year. The festival offers a variety of food performances, along with the events such as mixing a gigantic bowl of bibimbap that can feed hundreds!
Photo: Jeonju Hanok Village’s Bibimbap croquette (left) and bibimbap in a cup (right)
At this point, you might become curious about whether you always have to mix everything together, and the answer would be “yes.” The meaning of the word bibimbap goes back to the period from the 16th to 20th century, when it was first called goldongban, meaning “rice made by mixing various types of food,” and otherwise known as hwaban, meaning “flower to bloom on top of rice.” This colorful mix was then adopted by many regions throughout the Korean Peninsula, ending up in various types of these specialty bowls found today.
Photo: Bibimbap with soybean paste sauce
Photo: Bulgogi with Mushrooms (bottom left) / Tune and Kimchi Bibimbap (bottom right)
Bibimbap today is far more advanced in terms of its variation, taking many different roles and forms for different occasions. For example, bibimbap to-go is highly appreciated in Korea as well as other countries, and you can find it anywhere from convenience stores to gourmet restaurants. Bibimbap is also featured in many international in-flight meals.
Jeonju Hanok Village takes fusion one step further by serving bibimbap in cups and making them into croquettes, in addition to the basic form of bibimbap served in lunch boxes. These can easily be eaten on-the-go, similar to the way a sandwich is convenient for eating while traveling. On the other hand, people who prefer fine dining and hope to delve more into genuine Korean tastes, try out gang-doen-jang (soybean paste sauce) bibimbap. For those who are not familiar with the strong scent of the sauces or ingredients, they can choose the level of spiciness.
Photo: Jeonju Bibimbap, the most recognize bibimbap of all
Jeonju bibimbap is uniquely prepared with an assortment of colors of namul (vegetable side dishes), and is regarded as the most representative example of bibimbap. Fried beef and thin garnish strips of cooked egg whites and yolks can be a good alternative to yukhoe (beef tartare) and egg yolk. The broth from a beef brisket is used to cook the rice, and is garnished with the tartare and egg pair on top, a signature feature of Jeonju bibimbap. It tastes even better with hot pepper paste mixed in with fried beef called yak-gochu-jang, the specialty of Jeonju, as well as bean sprout soup or beef radish soup.
Photo: Andong Heot-jesatbap (left) / Assorted pancakes (right)
Heot-jesatbap is a combination of the words of hoet, meaning “fake,” and jesabap, referring to the meal that was served during ancestral rites. Confucian scholars in Andong, Jinju, and Deagu used to have this jesabap even when there was no ritual service, which is how its name became heot-jesatbap, inferring that it was a “fake” ritual meal. Andong is best known for its scrumptious heot-jesatbap, which is typically made with namul, jeon (coated and pan-fried fish and vegetables) and guk (soup) from the table for ritual services.
Usually three different colors of namul are served on the top of the rice. Since jesabap is served in remembrance of one’s ancestors, the main spices of Korean cuisine, such as spring onion, garlic and red pepper powder, are not used. Also, the ritual dish is served with a variety of jeon and sanjeok (skewers) made with dombaegi (“shark meat” in the local language), mackerel, and beef. Unlike other bibimbap traditions, diners may adjust the flavor of individual servings by adding soy sauce, sesame oil and its seeds, instead of red pepper paste. It tastes even better with tang-guk (beef and radish soup), a soup flavored with dried sea cucumber, octopus, seaweed, and sliced radish, all of which are diced into pieces and thrown into a clear broth.
Photo: Tongyeong moenggae (sea squirt) bibimbap
Tongyeong, a coastal community, has an abundance of fresh seafood, making it the best feature of Tongyeong bibimbap. Namul and vegetables are served on steamed rice and then mixed with shrimp, clams, and mussels blanched in boiling water and seasoned with sauce. If this process is too cumbersome for you, you can throw all the namul and vegetables in a pan and fry them in a rich seafood broth. This dish goes perfectly with clams and tofu soup. Tongyeong is also known for sea squirt bibimbap.
Photo: Jeonju Bibimbap topped with Korean-style raw beef
Jinju bibimbap is a unique local food of Jinju in Gyeongsangnam-do. It is served with vegetables including cooked fern brakes and bean sprouts on top of steamed rice. Then, minced beef and jang-guk (clear soybean soup) is mixed in a bowl and served after being garnished with cheongpo (mung bean jelly), yukhoe, and red pepper sauce. Yukhoe is the symbol of Jinju bibimbap, but the cooked beef version is also served. Yukhoe-bibimbap can be commonly found on the menu of restaurants in Jinju, which trace back to the 1920s, when Seoul and Jinju emerged as active markets in the cattle trade.
Korean airline operators act as representatives of Korean traditions, and thus always include bibimbap as one of the in-flight meal choices. One of the best examples of when bibimbap crossed cultural boundaries was when the late singer Michael Jackson, who tried bibimbap during his Korean Air flight, then, according to media reports, proceeded to eat it meal after meal at his hotels during his stay in Korea.
Domestic and foreign airlines offer bibimbap with steamed rice, finely presented namul and spicy red pepper paste. Passengers can enjoy all the fun of mixing their ingredients together. The mildly spicy red pepper paste is also available to suit the taste of those not accustomed to it.
* This column was last updated on August 2016, and therefore information may differ from what is presented here. We advise you to check details from the official website before visiting.
<Last updated on August 23, 2016>