Summer in Korea is in full force by mid-June, bringing with it muggy weather and bouts of heavy rain. As temperatures rise, people try to escape the heat by heading to the beach, the swimming pool, or air-conditioned cafes and malls. In Korea, however, staying healthy and cool during the summer is all about what you eat. Many Koreans try to beat the heat and counteract summer fatigue by eating cool dishes, as well as warm, healthy foods that are known for their restorative powers. Keep reading to find out exactly which foods to eat to restore your strength and refresh your spirit Korean style!
The hottest days in Korea are from early July to mid August. This period is called ‘sambok deowi,’ or ‘the heat of sambok.’ ‘Sambok’ refers to the hottest days in Korea according to the lunar calendar and is further broken down into: chobok, the beginning period; jungbok, the middle; and malbok, the tail end of the summertime heat. Many Koreans eat hot foods full of nutrients during this period based on the idea of “yi yeol chi yeol” (fighting fire with fire).
Since samgyetang (ginseng chicken soup) is packed with nutritious ingredients, it is widely known for its restorative properties. The dish is prepared by taking a young chicken and stuffing it with rice, jujube, garlic, ginger, ginseng, and other herbs. The ingredients are then boiled together and served up in a delicious broth.
Not to be forgotten is the other favorite summertime chicken dish – jjim dak. Jjim dak is a mixture of chicken, hot peppers, mushrooms, carrots, and other vegetables along with glass noodles served in a savory, sweet-and-spicy, soy sauce-based broth. Jjim dak is characterized by its spiciness, so it is often paired with a side of dongchimi (radish water kimchi), which helps neutralize some of the spice. If you’re in a restaurant that also sells scorched rice, order a side and enjoy the crunchy texture with the remaining jjim dak sauce.
Naengmyeon, a buckwheat noodle dish, is perhaps one of the most beloved summer foods in Korea. Surprisingly, naengmyeon first appeared as a seasonal dish that was eaten only during the winter months in North Korea. The North Korean style noodles, Pyeongyang naengmyeon and Hamheung naengmyeon, are now famous throughout the entire country and can be found in almost any neighborhood. The biggest difference between Pyeongyang naengmyeon (mul naengmyeon) and Hamheung naengmyeon (bibim naengmyeon) is the way in which they are served; Pyeongyang naengmyeon is served in a chilled broth, while Hamheung naengmyeon comes topped with spicy red chili sauce. Naengmyeong dishes are usually garnished with sliced beef, a boiled egg, cucumbers, and pears.
Another good dish for those who may have lost their appetite due to the heat is naeng kongguksu, noodles in cold soybean soup. The soup is made by soaking cooked soybeans in cold water and then grinding them up with a millstone. Noodles are added and often topped with slices of cucumber, boiled egg, and tomato. For taste, you can add some sugar or salt. Full of protein, this savory dish is particularly invigorating on hot, humid days.
Chogye guksu is a chilled noodle dish made from cooling chicken broth mixed with vinegar and mustard before adding noodles topped with thinly shredded chicken. The name comes from the Korean words for vinegar and chicken (“cho” and “gye” respectively). This dish was once a special winter treat enjoyed in the Hamgyeong-do and Pyeongan-do of North Korea. Nowadays, the dish is a popular summertime treat enjoyed by people all across the nation. Made of lean chicken, medicinal herbs, noodles, and fresh vegetables, chogye-guksu boasts a simple, yet strong flavor and a distinctive smell.
Another popular food in Korea is memil guksu (buckwheat noodles), which are served cold as makguksu or hot as jangguksu. In the summer, the most popular buckwheat noodle dish is memilmakguksu, in which noodles are placed in a kimchi broth with cucumbers, kimchi, vegetables, and meat and mixed with red chili paste. Another favorite dish is memil soba, in which the noodles are served in a soy based-broth that is flavored with ground radish, scallion, and horseradish.
Many people may be familiar with soba, the Japanese word for buckwheat noodles, but there is a slight difference in the way that memil guksu and soba are made and eaten. The broth for the Korean memil guksu is made mostly of dried anchovy, while the broth for Japanese soba is made with dried bonito flakes.
In Korea, the most popularly enjoyed summer dessert is not ice cream, but bingsu. Bingsu is a dessert made of ice chips topped with red beans, fruit, rice cake, sweetened milk, ice cream, and fruit syrup. While the original pat-bingsu (bingsu with red beans) is still enjoyed, a wide array of bingsu like fruit bingsu, mango bingsu, green tea bingsu, and coffee bingsu has become more popular these days. In summer, Korea becomes heaven for bingsu lovers as most cafes, bakeries and fast food restaurants sell a variety of bingsu!
* This column was last updated in July 2017, and therefore information may differ from what is presented here.