Memory of the World Register

Hunminjeongeum Haerye; The Hangeul Manuscript (Designated 1997)

Hunminjeongeum

Hunminjeongeum Haerye (carrying the meaning of "Proper sounds to instruct the people" in Korean) is the former name for the Korean alphabet, hangeul, and it is a book that explains the principles and purpose of hangeul, as well as how to use and pronounce the letters. King Sejong, the 4th king of the Joseon Dynasty, created the Korean alphabet in order to help all commoners to easily read and write. The task was promulgated by the scholars of Jiphyeonjeon Hall (or "The Hall of Worthies") and in 1446, the alphabet was distributed and made known to all citizens.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

Joseon Wangjo Sillok; The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty (Designated 1997)

Joseon Wangjo Sillok; The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty (Designated 1997)

Joseon Wangjo Sillok, also known as the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), is a chronological record of kings' historical reigns. The Joseon Wangjo Sillok not only covers the daily records of historical and cultural aspects of 25 kings, over a span of 470 years.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

Seungjeongwon Ilgi; The Diaries of the Royal Secretariat (Designated 2001)

Seungjeongwon Ilgi 【 Photo credit: Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea 】

Seungjeongwon Ilgi are the diaries of the royal secretariats, also called Seungjeongwon, responsible for keeping detailed records of the daily events and official schedules of the court including public appeals, state secrets, weather reports, and other court affairs during the Joseon dynasty (1392-1910). Through the change of time, there are currently about 3,000 diaries remaining. They serve as important core archives of Korean history, being highly helpful for the study of ancient Joseon dynasty.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

Buljo Jikji Simche Yojeol (Vol. II); The Second Volume of “Anthology of Great Buddhist Priests’ Zen Teachings" (Designated 2001)

Buljo Jikji Simche Yojeol (Vol. II) 【 Photo credit: Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea 】

Buljo Jikji Simche Yojeol is a book printed using the metal type method in 1377, at the Cheongju Heungdeoksa Temple Site. Monk Baegun (1299-1374) compiled several valuable principles of teachings into a Buddhist book. It is the world's oldest movable metal type printing evidence available and thus showed us an important technical change in the printing history of humanity. This practical printing method invented by Korea has especially influenced the history of Oriental printing, and thus its recording inheritance is highly valued til today.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

Uigwe; The Royal Protocols of the Joseon Dynasty (Designated 2007)

Uigwe

Uigwe, which literally means “a model for rituals”, records text and illustrations of all the important state ceremonies and events of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). Following the tradition of Confucianism, this guide covers royal weddings of a King and Queen, crowning of the prince, succession of a new ruler, funerals and other various state events. It also provides illustrations of major events that take place, along with detailed descriptions. Fairly detailed drawings are found alongside with written texts, giving more room in understanding the vivid scene from the olden days, and for scholars expanding on historical researches.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

Tripitaka Koreana & Miscellaneous Buddhist Scriptures; The Oldest Printed Woodblocks (Designated 2007)

Tripitaka Koreana & Miscellaneous Buddhist Scriptures
【 Photo credit: Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea】

Tripitaka Koreana is a complete collection of Buddhist scriptures, including Buddha’s discourses and sutras (rules of discipline) carved into wooden printing blocks, also known as the Palman Daejanggyeong (meaning Eighty Thousand Tripitaka in Korean due to the number of the printing blocks in the collection). Supported by the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392) of Korea, the Tripitaka Koreana and Miscellaneous Buddhist scriptures were separately produced at Haeinsa Temple. About 5000 printed woodblocks were created from 1098 to 1958 and were stored in the Haeinsa Temple.

In addition, this heritage is recognized as the most comprehensive example of the woodblock printing technique in all known Buddhist scriptures of that time in terms of its scholastic excellence (comparing, proofreading, adjusting, and arranging) as well as technical aspect.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

Donguibogam; The Principles and Practice of Eastern Medicine (Designated 2009)

Donguibogam 【 Photo credit: Cultural Heritage Administration 】

Donguibogam is an an encyclopedia of 'The Principles and Practices of Eastern Medicine' written by Heojun (1546-1615), a renowned court physician in the Joseon Dynasty. It contains medical information, as well as popular methods of treatment experienced by patients at then. The encyclopedia was written in both Hanja and Hangeul characters for easy understanding by the commoners. Medicinal ingredients that were readily available at the time were suggested and preventive measures for any potential diseases that may break out were also recommended.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

Ilseongnok; Records of Daily Reflections (Designated 2011)

Ilseongnok 【 Photo credit: Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea 】

The series of Records of Daily Reflections or Ilseongnok in Korean are treasured royal heritages as well as written inscriptions that remained in order to reflect one's governance and to apply afterwards. First published by King Jeongjo (1752-1800) before his throne succession, he later became the 22nd ruler of Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). The served as an official record, Jeongjo became the ruler. He asked liege man (who worked at Gyujanggak, a royal library established by King Jeongjo) to note and get the approval of the record. These books are differentiated from other state publications in a way that it takes the form of personal journal, involving details of exchanges and political issues of both Eastern, and Western countries, hence considered highly valuable in the aspect of the world history.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

1980 Human Rights Documentary Heritage Archives for the May 18th Democratic Uprising Against Military Regime in Gwangju (Designated 2011)

Human Rights Documentary Heritage 1980 Archives for the May 18th Democratic Uprising Against Military Regime in Gwangju 【 Photo credit: Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea 】

This written material relates to the Democratic Uprising, which occurred on May 18th, 1980 in Gwangju, and a series of relevant events afterwards. The collection features archives related to this democratic move in the forms of files, photographs and video footage concerning the pro-democracy movement.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

Nanjung Ilgi; War Diary of Admiral Yi Sun-sin (Designated 2013)

Nanjung Ilgi 【 Photo credit: Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea 】

Nanjung Ilgi is the handwritten war diary of Admiral Yi Sun-sin (1545-1598), Korea’s famous war hero. The entire series narrates events that took place during a period of war, in addition to the admiral’s personal observations and commentary, weather at that time, geography as well as the controversial circumstances, which is considered to be a highly treasured description to Korean history.

The diary consists of seven volumes of notes written almost daily from January 1592 through November 1598, just days before Yi was killed in the last sea battle of the war. Besides, the diary also contains a number of poems, recited by Koreans even to this day, heightening its literary value, of which is hardly found in other historical remains.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

Archives of Saemaul Undong (New Community Movement) (Designated 2013)

Archives of Saemaul Undong 【 Photo credit: Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea 】

Korea today is one of the world's highly developed countries as well as a benchmarking model for many developing nations as it achieved rapid economic growth, much thanks to the Saemaul Undong Movement. This helped the country to step out from the list of the world’s poorest to a major player in the world economy in the present day. Laying a significant foundation, the world has also acknowledged this remarkable journey, introducing the process as a valuable asset for humankind to learn.

The archives include presidential speeches, government papers, village documents, letters, manuals, photographs and video clips related to the movement conducted from 1970 to 1979.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

Confucian Printing Woodblocks in Korea (Designated 2015)

Confucian Printing Woodblocks in Korea 【 Photo credit: Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea 】

Confucian Printing Woodblocks in Korea were made during the Joseon Dynasty to print the studying materials for scholars. Over 60,000 woodblocks were produced on wooden boards donated by 305 families living in the region to print a variety of contents such as literature, politics, economics, philosophy and more.

These Confucian printing woodblocks became academic mediums for several local intellectual communities over the years, and a form of a collective intelligence was created. Hand-carved wooden panels holds a rare value and historical importance for being living proof of the process of producing books by a collective community; deciding the contents and sharing the costs among scholars to print the books.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>

The Archives of the KBS Special Live Broadcast “Finding Dispersed Families” (Designated 2015)

Weaving of Mosi (Fine Ramie) in the Hansan Region (Designated 2011) 【 Photo credit: Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea 】

The KBS Special Live Broadcast “Finding Dispersed Families” is the world's biggest scale of live broadcast, aired non-stop for about 435 hours 45 minutes. The stories of over 50,000 separated families were aired and the moving scene of reunions among 10,000 war-dispersed families was recorded in real time.

The Archives of the KBS Special Live Broadcast “Finding Dispersed Families” comprises of reunions of war-dispersed families for 138 days, from June 30 through November 14, 1983. The collection holds 463 original copies of videotapes, producers’ journals, the applications written by the families, broadcast ephemera, audiotapes, daily broadcast schedules, cue sheets and photographs.

<Last updated on September 9, 2016>