In commemoration of the Joint Visit this Year between Korea and UK, a traditional Korean music and dance performance has been scheduled to premiere in London and Manchester.
■ Date and Location:
① Performance in Manchester: Dec. 11 (Mon), The Bruntwood Theatre (600 seats)
② Performance in London: Dec. 13 (Wed), Fairfield Halls (1,794 seats)
1. Court Music 「Boheoja」
The title, "Boheoja," means, “walking in the void." This music was performed in court banquets as dance accompaniments, or events in the past. This music generated a number of different versions such as wind orchestra version, string orchestra version, and other variations.
2. Court Dance 「Pogurak」
Pogurak literally means "ball throwing fun," and is a female group dance. The dance is in the form of a game in which participants are divided into two teams competing to put their balls into a hole. Dancers who score receive a flower and those who lose have ink painted on their face. This dance shows the elegant beauty of Korean dance.
3. Folk Music 「Gayageum Sanjo」
Gayageum is a 12-string zither invented in the Gaya Kingdom around the 6th century. Sanjo literally means random melodies, and it refers to a musical genre or style of a soloist playing a gayageum accompanying an hourglass drum, called Janggo. Sanjo music appeared in the late 19th century, originated from the shaman music of the southern area. Sanjo has various rhythmic changes in its melody. The rhythms not only indicate the tempos but also its movements.
4. Folk Dance 「Yeongsanjae」
Yeongsanjae is a big Buddhist ceremony that helps people reach the state of nirvana. People not only offer things such as food, money, flowers, and incense, but also offer talented skills such as music and dance.
- Bara Dance
: Bara refers to a round metal instrument similar to the cymbals used in religious music. The noise produced from the clapping scares evil spirits away and purifies the mind.
- Butterfly Dance
: The name of this dance comes from a dancer's white robe with broad sleeves because they look like the wings of butterfly.
- Taju Dance
: Taju means to hit a column. The dance symbolizes a monk's pledge to take the eight important precepts in order to reach nirvana.
- Beopgo Dance
: Beopgo refers to the Buddhist drum, one of the four Buddhist musical instruments.
5. Court Music 「Sujecheon」
Sujecheon literally means "long life like the sky," and is known to originate from Jeongeupsa, a folk song from Baekje Kingdom. The music was performed in court banquets and used for the royal processions in the past. Sujecheon has a continuous melody in irregular rhythmic patterns, and the tempo is very slow.
6. Folk Dance 「Ganggangsuwollae」
Ganggangsullae is a folk dance performed in the southern shore area. Young women dance hand in hand, forming a circle under the full moon. The history of this dance dates back to 16th century. During the Japanese invasion, women gathered in the hills along the southern coast and danced to deceive Japanese troops. The Japanese soldiers believed that this was a large number of Korean troops defended the coast line. Under this context, this dance came to symbolize solidarity and harmony of the Korean people.
7. Folk Dance 「Salpuri」
Salpuri literally means disentangle of bad luck, which implies to exorcise evil spirits or to drive out calamities. The dance was originally performed in shaman rituals that exorcise evils or comfort the dead spirits. However, Salpuri developed over time, increasing its artistic harmony, and is now the most representative Korean folk dance.
8. Folk Music「Pungmullori」
Korean ancestors held rituals and festivals time to time. Villagers prayed for good luck and pleasant weather by performing Pungmulgut, literally meaning "ritual for nature." Also, people celebrated good harvest with Pungmullori, which means "play with nature." Pungmullori is a multi-artistic form of entertainment, combining music, dance, and plays.